Health Curriculum

Philosophy Statement

KIBSD Health education is an essential part of each student’s overall education. The health program will strive to develop healthy individuals who contribute positively to self, family, and community. This philosophy includes grade appropriate mental, emotional, physical, social, sexual, and consumer health.

Health literate individuals are aware of their personal values, are critical thinkers, problem solvers, responsible and productive citizens, self: directed learners, and effective communicators.

KIBSD Health education is based on the National Health Education Standards and Alaska’s Skills for a Healthy Life. The National Health Education Standards are written expectations for what students should know and be able to do by grades 2, 5, 8, and 12 to promote personal, family, and community health.

 

National Health Educations Standards:

  • Standard 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention to enhance health.
  • Standard 2: Students will analyze the influences of family, peers, culture, media, technology, and other factors on health behaviors.
  • Standard 3: Students will demonstrate the ability to access valid information, products, and services to enhance health.
  • Standard 4: Students will demonstrate the ability to use interpersonal communication skills to enhance health and avoid or reduce health risks.
  • Standard 5: Students will demonstrate the ability to use decision: making skills to enhance health.
  • Standard 6: Students will demonstrate the ability to use goal: setting skills to enhance health.
  • Standard 7: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health: enhancing behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.
  • Standard 8: Students will demonstrate the ability to advocate for personal, family, and community health.

Topic #1 Nutrition and Physical Activity

Essential Learning: Students will understand that healthy food choices and physical activity affect personal health.


Topic #2 Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

Essential Learnings: Students will understand how alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs affect personal health.


Topic #3 Safety and Injury Prevention

Essential Learning: students will identify safe and unsafe situations and behaviors (as pertaining to personal safety education at this level).


Topic #4 Mental and Emotional Health

Essential Learning: Students will demonstrate an understanding of the skills and behaviors necessary for getting along with others.


Topic #5 Personal Health and Wellness

Essential Learnings: Students will demonstrate basic self-care and health maintenance skills.  Students will describe ways to prevent communicable diseases.

Unit 1: Healthy Relationships and Living

Essential Learnings:

  1. Prevent and manage interpersonal conflict and emotional distress in non5violent and healthy ways.
  2. Use self and impulse5control strategies to promote health and by avoiding situations where violence is likely to occur.
  3. Get help for troublesome thoughts, feelings, or actions for oneself and others.
  4. Show tolerance and acceptance of differences in others.
  5. Establish and maintain healthy relationships.

Unit 2: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drug Use and Prevention

Essential Learnings:

  1. Summarize the negative consequences of using tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
  2. Determine the benefits of being alcohol and other drug free.
  3. Distinguish when decisions related to alcohol and other drug use should be made individually or with the help of others.
  4. Distinguish between healthy and unhealthy alternatives to a decision related to tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use.

Unit 3: Nutrition and Fitness

Essential Learnings:

  1. Summarize the mental and social benefits of physical activity.
  2. Explain the relationship between access to healthy foods and personal food choices.
  3. Explain how personal values and beliefs influence personal health practices and behaviors (family and culture, school and community, media and technology, and influence of peers).
  4. Demonstrate how to effectively ask for assistance, distinguish when decisions should be made individually or with the help of others.
  5. Demonstrate the ability to use goal5setting skills related to achieving a healthy lifestyle.

Unit 4: Sexual Health and Wellness

Essential Learnings:

  1. Practice appropriate hygiene habits.
  2. Summarize basic male and female reproductive body parts and their functions.

Unit 1: Healthy Relationships and Living

Essential Learnings:

  1. Prevent and manage interpersonal conflict and emotional distress in non-violent and healthy ways.
  2. Use self and impulse-control strategies to promote health and by avoiding situations where violence is likely to occur.
  3. Get help for troublesome thoughts, feelings, or actions for oneself and others.
  4. Show tolerance and acceptance of differences in others.
  5. Establish and maintain healthy relationships.

Unit 2: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drug Use and Prevention

Essential Learnings:

  1. Summarize the negative consequences of using tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
  2. Explain school policies and community laws about tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
  3. Describe the relationship between using alcohol and other drugs and other health risks, such as unintentional injuries, violence, suicide, sexual risk behaviors, and tobacco use.
  4. Describe the positive alternatives to using alcohol and other drugs.
  5. Describe situations that call for professional alcohol and other drug use treatment services.
  6. Access valid and reliable alcohol and other drug use prevention information from home, school, or community.
  7. Demonstrate the ability to set personal goals to be tobacco, alcohol and other drug free, take steps to achieve these goals, and monitor their progress in achieving them.

Unit 3: Nutrition and Fitness

Essential Learnings:

  1. Explain the short-term benefits of physical activity, including improving cardiovascular health, strength, endurance, and flexibility and reducing the risks for chronic disease.
  2. Describe the benefits of consuming adequate amounts of vitamins and minerals.
  3. Demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills related to achieving a healthy lifestyle.

Unit 4: Sexual Health and Wellness

Essential Learnings:

  1. Establish and maintain healthy relationships.
  2. Explain the importance of talking with parents and other trusted adults about issues related to relationships, growth and development, and sexual health.
  3. Treat others with courtesy and respect without regard to their sexuality.
  4. Demonstrate the ability to use decision-making skills to promote sexual health.

Unit 1: Healthy Relationships and Living

Essential Learnings:

  1. Prevent and manage interpersonal conflict and emotional distress in non-violent and healthy ways.
  2. Use self and impulse-control strategies to promote health and by avoiding situations where violence is likely to occur.
  3. Get help for troublesome thoughts, feelings, or actions for oneself and others.
  4. Show tolerance and acceptance of differences in others.
  5. Establish and maintain healthy relationships.

Unit 2: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drug Use and Prevention

Essential Learnings:

  1. Summarize the negative consequences of using tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.
  2. Analyze the validity and reliability of alcohol and other drug use prevention and treatment services.
  3. Demonstrate the use of effective verbal and nonverbal communication to avoid alcohol and other drug use.
  4. Analyze the effectiveness of a final outcome of a decision related to alcohol and other drug use.
  5. Demonstrate the ability to influence and support others to make positive choices related to tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use.

Unit 3: Nutrition and Fitness

Essential Learnings:

  1. Explain how an inactive lifestyle contributes to chronic disease.
  2. Describe how some health risk behaviors influence the likelihood of engaging in unhealthy eating practices and behaviors.
  3. Demonstrate the ability to access valid information, products, and services to establish and maintain healthy eating and a physically active lifestyle.
  4. Demonstrate the ability to use goal-setting skills related to achieving a healthy lifestyle.
  5. Demonstrate the ability to influence and support others to make positive choices related to healthy eating and physical activity.

Unit 4: Sexual Health and Wellness

Essential Learnings:

  1. Engage in behaviors that prevent or reduce sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV infection.
  2. Use appropriate health services to promote sexual health.
  3. Demonstrate behaviors that avoid or reduce sexual health risks.

Course Description

The major emphasis in Health 1 is for students to comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention, analyze the influences on health behaviors, access valid health information and services, and use interpersonal communication skills and goal setting to enhance health.

Unit 1: Sexual Health

Learning Targets:

LT1: Engage in behaviors that prevent or reduce sexually transmitted infections (STI), including HIV infection, and pregnancy.

LT2: Analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, and technology on sexual health practices, behaviors and relationships.

LT3: Demonstrate effective communication skills to promote sexual health and healthy relationships.

LT4: Demonstrate the ability to use goal+setting skills to avoid unhealthy sexual practices and behaviors.


Unit 2: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drug Use and Prevention

Learning Targets:

LT1: Summarize the harmful short+ and long+term physical, psychological, and social effects of using tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs.

LT2: Analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology and other factors on tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use and prevention.

LT3: Demonstrate effective communication skills to prevent substance use and abuse.

LT4: Demonstrate the ability to use goal+setting skills to avoid tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use.


Unit 3: Mental and Emotional Health

Learning Targets:

LT1: Analyze the interrelationship of physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual health.

LT2: Demonstrate effective communication skills to enhance mental and emotional health and prevent interpersonal conflict.


Unit 4: Safety and Violence Prevention

Learning Targets:

LT1: Analyze the influence of family, peers, culture, media, technology and other factors on safety and violence prevention.

LT2: Demonstrate effective communication skills to prevent violence and enhance safety and injury prevention.


Unit 5: Nutrition and Fitness

Learning Targets:

LT1: Analyze the benefits of healthy eating and physical fitness.

LT2: Demonstrate the ability to use goal+setting skills related to achieving a healthy lifestyle.


Unit 6: Consumer Health

Learning Targets:

LT1: Evaluate the validity of health information, products, and services.

LT2: Use resources from home, school, and community that provide valid health information. LT3: Determine the accessibility of products and services that enhance health.

LT4: Determine when professional health services may be required.

Course Description

The major emphasis in Health 2 is for students to comprehend concepts related to health promotion and disease prevention, analyze the influences on health behaviors, apply thoughtful decision making and self-management skills to enhance health, acquire important life skills, and advocate for personal, family, and community health.

Unit 1: Sexual Health

Learning Targets:

LT1: Analyze the influence of peers, family, personal attitudes, values, beliefs and perceptions of norms, media, technology, and education on healthy and unhealthy sexual health practices, behaviors, and relationships.

LT 2: Demonstrate the ability to use decision+making skills to be sexually responsible.

LT 3: Analyze the role of individual responsibility for sexual health.

LT 4: Collaborate with others to advocate for improving personal, family, and community sexual health.


Unit 2: Tobacco, Alcohol, and Other Drug Use and Prevention

Learning Targets:

LT 1: Analyze the relationship between using alcohol and other drugs and other health risks, such as unintentional injuries, violence, suicide, sexual risk behaviors, and tobacco use.

LT 2: Determine the value of applying responsible decision making related to tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use.

LT 3: Use peer and societal norms, based on accurate health information, to formulate a message that promotes being tobacco, alcohol, and other drug free.


Unit 3: Mental and Emotional Health

Learning Targets:

LT 1: Analyze the interrelationship of physical, mental, emotional, social, and spiritual health.

LT 2: Demonstrate the ability to use decision making skills to enhance mental and emotional health.


Unit 4: Safety and Violence Prevention

Learning Targets:

LT 1: Demonstrate the ability to use decision+making skills to enhance personal safety and violence prevention.

LT 2: Analyze the role of individual responsibility in promoting personal safety and violence prevention.

LT 3: Collaborate with others to advocate for preventing personal, family, and community violence.


Unit 6: Life Skills

Learning Targets:

LT 1: Demonstrate the ability to create a budget, apply for loans, and access health care using insurance.

LT 2: Students will demonstrate the ability to use skills to gain employment now or in the future.